What is Phonological Awareness?
‘Phonological Awareness’ basically means the awareness of how words can be broken down into parts and how sounds can be put together to make words. Phonological awareness is essential for literacy. Most young pre-school children are aware of words as whole chunks that help them communicate with others. They are not typically aware that each word is made up of smaller bits. As they approach school age, they start to become more aware that there are divisions within words and might start to experiment with syllables and rhyming (word endings). These broad divisions are the beginnings of phonological awareness for literacy.
Why do we need Phonological Awareness for Literacy?
Our spelling system is ‘alphabetic’ which means that there is a letter or sometimes a group of letters (like ‘sh’) that correspond to each spoken sound. To be able to match sounds to letters to read & spell, children need to be able to divide words up into individual parts, a bit like taking apart a jigsaw to see how many pieces there are. Because the first and last sounds in words are emphasised by virtue of being the first & last sounds you hear, children typically learn to pick these out first. They then go on to break the word down further and start to realise that there are more individual sounds in the middle too. There is now a lot of research which shows that well developed phonological awareness is linked strongly to later success in learning to read and write.
This sheet gives you some suggestions for some simple phonological awareness activities that should fit easily into everyday activities and routines. You will not need to find a ‘special time’ to do them.